Vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 1
When it comes to vocabulary for IELTS writing task 1, 25% of your score is determined by the vocabulary you use. That is why it is important to study IELTS graph vocabulary as you plan for the Writing Task 1.
I’ll include an outline of terms and phrases to integrate into your writing below so that you can earn high marks in the lexical resource category and an overall band ranking.
Essentially, the stronger your vocabulary in the IELTS writing table, the higher your score would be. It is not difficult, but there is a straightforward recipe for success.
How to Use the IELTS Graph Vocabulary in Task 1 Writing
Since IELTS writing task 1 requires you to describe a graph or chart of some kind, it’s beneficial to be familiar with IELTS writing chart vocabulary — terms and phrases that assist you in writing about the details contained in the graph or chart.
In IELTS, how are graphs described?
Let’s take a step-by-step look at the most appropriate vocabulary for the job.
1. Begin With Phrases of Introduction
Frequently, ESL students begin their essays with the phrase ‘The graph indicates…’. Although this is appropriate, the verb ‘shows’ could be substituted for a more exciting and advanced vocabulary term. Here are four separate essay starters:
- The graph depicts the patterns in…
- The graph illustrates the evolution of…
- The graph illustrates the distinctions between…
- The graph depicts the evolution of X over a time span of…
IN YOUR INTRODUCTION, DO NOT INCLUDE THE WORD BELOW OR ABOVE. i.e. The graph above/below demonstrates…
2. Have Appropriate Adverbs
Adverbs assist in expressing a relationship of place, time, situation, manner, cause, and degree, and can significantly enhance the colour and interest of your writing while also demonstrating your command of the English language. Adverbs, in contrast to adjectives (which describe nouns), describe verbs or actions. The following is an excellent list of adverbs to use:
Here’s another chart for reference:
3. Ensure That All Synonyms Are Used
Again, increasing the overall score by using a variety of nouns and verbs for terms like rise and fall can improve. The following are some suggestions:
4. Incorporate Time Phrases
The following are some excellent time expressions with accompanying sentence examples:
Graph Vocabulary in an IELTS Model Essay
Consider the British Council’s sample IELTS writing Task 1 graphs.
The following is my model answer, with useful terms highlighted in bold:
From 2002 to 2010, the bar charts highlight patterns in computer-machine ownership, with a further classification by level of education.
Over the time, there has been a noticeable increase in the percentage of the population that owns a computer. In 2002, only about 58 percent of the population possessed the machine, but by 2010, this figure had risen to over seven-quarters.
Examining the data by level of education shows that, in each of those years, higher levels of education correlate with higher levels of computer ownership. In 2002, a small percentage of the population who did not complete high school owned a machine, but by 2010, this number had risen to over 40%. Additionally, those with a high school diploma or an incomplete college degree saw significant increases of nearly 30%. (reaching 65 percent and 85 percent , respectively, in 2010).
To summarise, over the last decade, machine ownership has increased significantly across all educational levels.
Additional Resources for IELTS Graph Vocabulary
Bear in mind that IELTS writing task 1 can include a variety of different types of infographics, including bar charts, pie charts, line graphs, and diagrams.
Whichever style you want, you’ll want to have a firm grasp on IELTS writing chart vocabulary.
For more detailed explanations of the various types of graphs, maps, and graphics that appear on IELTS writing task 1, see our other posts.
Additionally, IELTS24x7 provides English language tips and guidance. Hopefully, you’ll begin incorporating some of these main phrases and terms as vocabulary for IELTS Writing Task 1, as well as the suggestions above, into your IELTS Task 1 Writing. If you are still unsure about doing so and need advice from a trainer/coaching institute, you can find one on www.english24x7.com.